According to Hindu scriptures, Brahma is said to be the creator God of the universe. He did this using five elements air, fire, ether, earth, and water. An aggregated form of these elements in a human body is called Pancha Mahabhutas, which further represented by 5 fingers.
Different hand gestures also known as mudras in yoga are dedicated to balancing the optimum proportion of each vital element. Brahma mudra is one such yoga mudra that balances all 5 elements simultaneously relieves neck and upper back pain.
Brahma mudra is a combination of two types of yoga mudras, Hasta (hand) mudra & Manas (Head) mudra.
- Hasta mudra in the sense of involving hands and fingers similar to adi mudra.
- Manas mudra in the sense of involving rotary movements of the head.
By combining synchronized movements of hands & head, Brahma mudra is incorporated in pranayama breathing & meditation techniques. Brahma mudra is a complete healing therapy for the eyes, neck, mind, spine, throat, shoulders, and hypothalamus & thyroid glands situated in the throat chakra.
Brahma mudra is also called “Poorna mudra“, Poorna means full or complete. It’s so said because it helps in expelling complete abdomen air out at exhalation. Actually, in Brahma mudra, fist made using both hands are pressed against Manipura chakra (or navel), and by this pressing action extra gases from abdomen releases easily. On complete or deep exhalation naturally deep inhalation comes, and thus this hand gesture is also known as Poorna mudra.
Philosophy of Performing Brahma Mudra
The Hindu God Brahma is said to have four heads (one invisible). These 4 heads are a representation of observing everything in 4 directions, North-East-West-South.
In Brahma Mudra, the practitioner moves the head in all 4 directions while producing the “Beeja” sounds (seed sounds) with exhalation. The 4 seed sounds are aaa, uuu, eee, and mmm which when combined together make the vibration of OM, the sound of the universe.
Hence, movement of the head in Brahma mudra has 2 aspects:
- Psychological aspect – By making movements in all 4 directions in Brahma mudra, the practitioner emulates Brahma’s quality of seeing, hearing & witnessing everything happening around him.
- Physical aspect – These Beeja sounds are healing vibrations that align the mind and body. This combined movement of hand, neck, and sound brings the practitioner to a very calm and centered place within.
Significance of Brahma Mudra
- This mudra brings the movement of Prana in the entire body just like Lord Brahma gave Prana to the entire universe as he is the creator of the universe.
- Performing this mudra consistently vitalizes the higher chakras of the body which are heart chakra, throat chakra, third eye chakra, and crown chakra.
- This is a powerful gesture as it cures the mind & body, and uplifts the spirit. It gives divine energy to the body making it capable of creating anything it desires just like Lord Brahma.
- This meditative mudra takes one to a higher level of consciousness and makes one aware of their divine purpose in life.
How to Do Brahma Mudra
To perform Brahma Mudra you should sit in an open and calm place. If you’re okay to sit on the floor, begin with sitting in a comfortable posture such as Sukhasana (simple pose), Padmasana (lotus pose), or Vajrasana (thunderbolt pose). Otherwise, one can sit on a chair.
Relax your hands over your thighs, close your eyes, and center your attention towards your erect spine. First, we will do hand gesture part of this mudra:
- Touch both thumbs to the base of the little finger of both the hands. Now close the fist of both the hands, completely wrapping all the fingers around the thumb.
- While fist facing upwards make sure knuckles of your right hand is touching and adjacent to the knuckle of your left hands.
- Now on maintaining hands & fist arrangement, bring both fist near your navel.
- As you exhale, press fist against abdomen to addon in your exhalation.
- On the inhalation, relax the abdomen and let it freely expand out.
On maintaining the same hand gesture, the next part of the mudra begins:
- Take your head towards the right slowly to the count of five 1- 2- 3- 4- 5. Try to align your neck parallel to your right shoulder. Breathe in and let the breath out while making the sound “aaa”. While making the sound “aaa” come back slowly to the center position with the count of five. Do not jerk your neck. Be constant and slow in this meditative movement. Keep your eyes closed. Breathe in and exhale slowly.
- Now slowly turn your head towards the left in the same manner as described above while making the sound “Ooo”.
- Now take your head up with the count of five. Feel your neck stretch. Breathe in and make the sound ‘Eeeee” and bring your neck back to the central position slowly to the count of five.
- Lastly lower your head, with the count of five, pointing your chin down. Feel the back of your neck stretch. Slowly breathe out & bring your neck to the center position making the sound “mmmm”.
Repeat this set 5 to 9 times in each sitting:
(1) center to right with sound “Aaa” (2) center to left with the sound “Ooo” (3) center to your head upwards “Eee” and (4) center to chin down with sound “Mmm”.
At the end of each round, feel a cumulative sound (“OM”) producing in your head region. While making the “Beeja sounds”, please concentrate on your neck and spine.
Brahma Mudra has all the “Beeja sounds” so has the Brahma Mantra.
At the end of your sitting, you can chant the following Brahma Mantra while maintaining hands Brahma mudra.
Om Aim Hrim Shrim Klim Sauh Sat Chit Ekam Brahma
Begin the audio from 4:16 to listen this mantra.
This mantra has the following component:
- Om – is the source of all sound in the universe. On chanting OM, it unites the feminine and masculine energies at a point between the eyebrows i.e. Ajna chakra.
- Aim – is the seed sound of spiritual knowledge goddess Saraswati.
- Hrim – is the seed sound for clarity and seeing through the illusion of reality.
- Shrim – is a seed sound of abundance.
- Klim – is the seed sound for worshiping Krishna. It’s the seed sound of desire and aspiration.
- Sauh – is the Kundalini shakti activating sound.
- Sat – means the truth.
- Chit – means spiritual mind matters.
- Ekam – means one with the universe.
- Brahma – is the God who is supreme, absolute consciousness of the universe.
Chanting this mantra helps one get over fear and anxieties, as well as in the fulfillment of desires.
While performing this Mudra, you can use the following affirmations to bring more positivity in your practice:
- While bringing your hands on your thighs say “Dear success and joy, I am your child”
- When you making fist with both your hands say “ White light is entering from my brain and filling every part of my body. I am filled with universal energy”
- When you move your head from center to right, on complete reaching to the right, say “ I am brave, I am strong.”
- When you move your head from center to left, on complete reaching to the left, say “I am cool, I am calm.”
- When you move your head from center to upwards, on complete reaching to up, say “ I am charming, I am magnetic.”
- And finally, when you move your neck from the center to chin down, on complete reaching to down, say “ I am gentle and peaceful as the beautiful lotus in a lake.”
Ultimately when you open your eyes, tell your eyes “I command you to see everything to make my mind and soul shine.”
Benefits of Brahma Mudra
Brahma Mudra is a very special mudra which not just benefits a specific part of the body but brings harmony to both body and mind.
The following benefits will be visible when the Brahma Mudra is performed regularly and consciously.
1. Helps in Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
Our thyroid gland is located at the base of our neck region and responsible for the thyroid hormone. It is controlled by our pituitary gland and hypothalamus. Hyperthyroidism & hypothyroidism [efn_note] Thyroid 101: Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism https://healthblog.uofmhealth.org/health-management/thyroid-101-hypothyroidism-and-hyperthyroidism [/efn_note] are two severe conditions that occurred cause of an imbalance in the thyroid hormone.
This Mudra helps in the working of the hypothalamus gland which regulates the thyroid production in the body. Thus this mudra helpful in hyperthyroidism & hypothyroidism.
2. Helps in Cervical Spondylitis
Brahma Mudra helps those who are suffering from cervical spondylitis [efn_note] Cervical Osteoarthritis (Cervical Spondylosis) https://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/cervical-osteoarthritis-cervical-spondylosis [/efn_note] as this mudra involves complete rotation of the neck consciously. The stretching of the neck and shoulder muscles helps in curing spondylitis.
The practitioners who are suffering from shoulder pain will also surely reap great benefits from this mudra.
3. Helpful in the irregular menstrual cycle
One of the reasons for the irregular menstrual cycle is hypothyroidism.
Brahma mudra helps in producing thyroid hormone which helps in regulating the menstrual cycle.
4. Cures skin diseases
The practitioner will notice clear skin once they start practicing Brahma Mudra regularly.
Brahma mudra is also beneficial for those who are suffering from dry skin problems, thinning (or missing) eyebrows on the outer edge, and Itchy skin without a rash. These are a few problems caused by the low production of thyroid hormone[efn_note] The lowdown on thyroid slowdown https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/the-lowdown-on-thyroid-slowdown [/efn_note]. As Brahma mudra helps in curing hypothyroidism, many skin diseases can be treated by this.
5. Brings Inner peace & focus
Brahma mudra brings inner peace & joy to the practitioner. It takes the practitioner to a higher meditative state. This mudra helps in balancing all the five elements in the body and helps in chakra alignment. The sound of om which is the vibration of the universe gives calmness to the mind, body, and soul.
6. Good for eyesight
This mudra is good for those having weak eyesight. It improves eyesight.
Those who sit for long hours on the computer should practice this mudra daily as it helps in spinal, cervical, shoulder pain as well as improves the vision.
You need to be careful doing the neck movements in Brahma mudra.
- The neck movements have to be slow and steady. If you jerk your neck, it will cause pain to your neck and strain your neck muscles.
- It is advised to do this mudra early in the morning which is the Brahma muhurta [efn_note] Brahmamuhurtha https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmamuhurtha [/efn_note] when you are empty stomach or do it one hour after you have your food. Do not attempt this mudra right after you have consumed food.
- Please do not do this mudra for a long duration if you have asthma or breathing problems.