Root Chakra: Everything You Should Know About It

root chakra complete guide for beginners

Have you ever thought about the basic needs of a born baby?

As their basic needs, all they care about necessities which required for their survival, i.e. food and shelter and, eventually it develops a sense of security in them.

I am safe and I belong here

This phrase shows the first sense of attachment with the materialistic world, we feel after conception.

It all originated from the lower base of the spine i.e. place of Root Chakra.

In this beginner’s in-depth article, I’ll let you know the very core concept of the root chakra and its role in a balanced life. This guide will also help you find if you have imbalanced root energy. Also, with the help of simple practices described at the end of this article, you can get your root energy on track and blossom your life.

What is Muladhara or Root Chakra?

The literal meaning of Root chakra is ‘Base wheel’. ‘Muladhara’, the Sanskrit term for the Root chakra, elaborates the in-depth meaning of it.

Muladhara can be separated into two different terms ‘Mul‘ and ‘Adhara‘.

Mul‘ or often spelled ‘Moola‘, represents here ‘The basic needs’ and Adharameans ‘Support or Base.’ 

Muladhara or Root chakra, The 1st in chakras system, is the fundamental energy center that supports our basic needs responsible for safety and surviving.

In the realization of our basic needs, with food a sense of taste is developed and with breath, a sense of smell is developed. Hence, physical senses that Root chakra governs is the sense of taste and smell. Therefore, sense organ of root chakra is nose.

Root Chakra in Detail

In order to understand the root chakra in detail, you must be aware of its following points.

  • Location
  • Color significance
  •  Symbol
  • The energy frequency and seed mantra

See More: Heart Chakra in Detail

1. Root Chakra Location

location of root chakra

The location of the Root chakra, as its name suggests, is known for foundational support our physical structure needs for better stability and balance i.e. the lowest base of the spine (first 3 vertebrae near the coccyx).

To get an idea of the exact location of the root chakra, you can meditate on it by doing this:

  • Open your palms in front of you and join it side-by-side (Like making a shape of an open book).
  • Maintain the same shape with your hands and bring it back at the last tip of your spine (finger pointing downwards).
  • Bring your awareness in your pelvic area. At the point where little fingers of both hands are joining, is the place of the root chakra.

Anatomical Formation of Root Chakra

The spinal cord forms the base of the Backbone. It is an integral part of the central nervous system and consists of the vertebrae.

The root chakra is located near the lowermost vertebrae marking the region of the perineum. This region is situated between the joints of the hip bone (pubic symphysis) and coccyx which is also known as the vestigial tailbone.

It is the triangular-shaped bone and forms the bottom of the spine. Along with hip bone, it gets arranged into a diamond-shaped area and forms the perineum.

In females – This area consists of the anus and vagina. it lies posterior to the genital organ i.e. cervix.

In males – It occupies the area above the perineum or lies inside it.

2. Red Colour Significance

The root chakra, due to its closest vicinity to the earth element, is a reflection of the earth’s inner surface and core. Thus, the color of the energy radiate out of this wheel is Red.

As we go towards the outer surface from the core of the earth, the redness fades with respect to falling temperature. Same happens with the color of chakras.

Red is the color of energy, determination, and stimulate our limbic system 1 of the brain. The limbic system of the brain governs behaviors we need for survival: feeding, reproduction, and fight or flight responses.

The red color also denotes how much we are connected to the earth. 

Being connected to earth means how well we know thyself. The more you know thyself, more especially you would come to know how less your basic needs are and this is what the work of a balanced root chakra is.   

3. What Root Chakra Symbol Signifies

root chakra symbol

understanding its symbol can help you with balancing your root energy in the body. So, Lets breakdown its symbol into the following key components to understand it.

  • Downward-pointing triangle – It points towards the earth and shows the union of the soul present in us, with the matter (earth). It also reminds us to be grounded and home of Kundalini energy.
  • Square inscribed in a circle – As root chakra connects us with earth and earth supports us. Square shown in its symbol is the representation of a firm foundation of support. 
  • Lotus flower 4 petals – Physically, 4 lotus petals indicate merging of 4 nerves (Nadis) at this point. These 4 Nadis in the symbol represented with 4 Sanskrit syllables वं vaṃ, शं śaṃ, षं ṣaṃ, and सं saṃ.    
  • Text लं on the center – This is the seed mantra of the root chakra. Its sound has the power to stimulate the earth element present in the body.

In some traditional symbols 2 of root chakra,  an elephant is also shown within the square.

An elephant is a representation of mother earth bearing the weight and hence symbolizes the inner strength associated with this chakra.    

4. Energy frequency and Bija Mantra

Each chakra spins at a specific rate and radiates energy vibration at a certain frequency. The higher chakra corresponds to higher energy frequency.

Being at the lowest place of the spine, root chakra vibrates at the lowest frequency of 396Hz. If your Root Chakra is vibrating at the same frequency then it is considered in a balanced state. 

The seed sound or ‘Bija Mantra‘ that resonates root Chakra is “Lam”. It’s one-syllable seed sound that activates its energy so as to purify and balance the mind and body. 

As Root chakra’s role is related to supporting or holding our entire system of existence, its characteristics are closely associated with the Earth element.

Characteristics of Root Chakra

Your root energy is the home of being attached to the outer world you have created to feel safe and secure. These characteristics define your root energy better.

  • Firm Foundation A balanced root chakra creates a firm foundation and grounded us by nurturing lower body parts like feet, legs, and hip flexors in conjunction with the minor chakras.
  • Physicality Being centered at the mid-section of our body, it controls the functioning of Skeleton bones, Kidneys, colon, adrenal glands, bladder, and also the arterial blood flow to the left chamber of the heart.
  • Gate of Higher Energy – Root chakra locates at the place where kundalini energy lies in the dormant state. In spiritual language, awakened Kundalini or open root chakra is considered the gate for higher energy.
  • Survival – As a ‘tree root’ is responsible whether or not the tree will survive in adverse conditions, the same way root chakra governs the survival instinct in us.

Balanced Root chakra

When root energy spins at a balanced rate, it radiates energy in all aspects of a person’s life. You are more involved in physical and emotional activities hence imparting positive vibrations just like a winner in all walks of life. 

5 signs you have a balanced root chakra.  

  • Full of vitality and passion – In a balanced state, you are more passionate about whatever you do. You would experience vitality & feeling of the responsibility for your work, family, and friends.
  • Satisfaction with survival needs – When root energy found in the balanced state, you tend to be more satisfied while striving to meet the needs of surviving.
  • Connected with core values – Balanced root energy is all about governing the force of being grounded. Hence, the person with balanced root chakra would be connected with the core values of life 3.
  • Equanimity of logic and emotion – When you have balanced root chakra helps you to keep your mind equally drawn to the logic and emotion in something you are more active. 
  • Fearless personality – A person having Root Chakra aligned feels to be fearless and prepared for physical, financial, moral, and psychological tasks. 

Imbalanced Root Chakra and Its Causes

When root chakra happens to out of balance, a sense of incompleteness and retreated from everything takes place in the person.

The imbalance may occur mainly because of two reasons.

1. When Root is Underactive

In this state of imbalance,

  • You feel taken down by depression, withdraw from whatever you plan or intend to do.
  • There is more possibility that you grow vague feelings about your insecurity and start leading a life of a loner.
  • The more you lack the energy, the harder is to trust others. This makes you more self-centered. This leads you to live aloof being disconnected to the earth and the surroundings.

2. When Root is Overactive

Overactive root chakra makes you overconfident, which eventually ends up developing the following signs.

  • Overflow of root energy may lead you to disconnect with the basic notion that you are an earthly creature.
  • You become possessive, tend to attach too much to the people or things that make you more rigid physically and psychologically.
  • Being short-tempered, angry, belligerent, and greedy are some common traits of being in overactive Root Chakra.            

The Analogy to Root Chakra States 

Balanced Root Chakra – Let us just take a river flowing in the middle of a blooming forest nurturing life. Animals and trees all depend on it for providing life to them.

Overactive Root Chakra – What happens when it’s flooded one day? It sweeps away all the trees and animals that are nearby and cause devastation all over. Outcome; disorder and chaos. 

Underactive Root chakra – Now take the same river and consider it running dry. All the life dependency would deplete gradually as the vegetation and inhabitants around the river would not be able to survive without the basic need that is water.

What Causes Root Chakra Imbalanced?

The root chakra is first and foremost in the evolution of the chakras system and the human body. So, its cause of imbalance could be an old accident or regular activity you are most feared of.

A trauma that has been affecting you for a long time (Childhood Trauma) could decrease the efficiency of your root. Also, other causes are

  • A toxic relationship
  • Longtime illness
  • Abuse at an early age
  • Mounting fear
  • Abandonment in relationships
  • Have been in relative poverty or
  • Lack of empathy for your family.

Problems Caused by imbalanced Root Chakra

Root chakra manifests its imbalance by means of different physical and psychological problems. You might face the following problems when your root chakra is in an imbalanced state. 

1. Physical Problems

As physically root chakra locates in the pelvic area, it shows the main problems caused by its imbalanced state in the bladder, kidney, lower spine, adrenal glands, prostate, hip flexors, and leg joints in the body.

Some physical problems caused of imbalanced root chakra are menstrual problems in females, blood diseases, constipation, diarrhea, piles, hemorrhoids, colitis, prostate cancer, Glaucoma, and Kidney Diseases, eczema, and feet problems.

2. Psychological Problems

Psychologically, when the root chakra is imbalanced, you are more addictive and indulgence in any external agency for instant happiness.

Other psychological problems caused of imbalanced root chakra are Irritation, eating disorders, depression, hypertension, money addiction, migraines, and stubborn behavior.      

Get Your Root Energy Balance

Your root chakra is very easy to prone out of balance as it’s the bridge between us and the external world. The number of external agencies can influence it but simultaneously some little efforts are enough to balance it.

You can follow the following practices if you are facing any problem associated with the root chakra.

1. Meditation with Mantras and Mudras

One of the common cause of disturbed root chakra is when you are not grounded, in both senses physically and psychologically.   

Meditation, besides, introducing you to your inner dimension, also helps you to connect with the ground.  

Although many meditation practices are available to bring your root energy in balance but a focused seated asana with mantra chant and hand gesture is the easiest one.

Meditation in a seated posture helps our internal organ system (which are associated with Muladhara chakra) to transmit energy with the earth.

Choose a silent place and practice these steps to bring your Muladhara in balance.

  • Sit in padmasana and make mudras with your hand. Mudras which used for root chakra are Gyan mudra & Earth mudra. These mudras help in deepening meditation effect and eventually connect us with mother earth.
  • Bring your awareness down at the physical location of the root chakra and imagine a connection establishing between pelvic floor and earth.
  • To make the connection more effective, chant seed mantraLam‘ vocally or subvocally. Vibrations induced out of mantra chanting stimulates root energy and thus balancing becomes easier.
  • As the nose is the sense of organ of the root chakra, you can also meditate on the nose tip in seated asana to balance root energy.

2. Root Chakra Yoga Poses

Physical exercise is another simplest approach you can opt to bring your root energy in balance.

In yoga, asana balances ease and effort and thus, a better alternate of physical exercises.

Following yoga poses focuses on energy associated with the root chakra.

(i) Pavanamuktasana (Knee-to-Chest Pose):

This is a healing pose that helps release the excess of gas in the abdomen due to imbalanced Root Chakra. 

Regular practice of Pavanamuktasana helps you keep your digestion system in control, keeps large intestine in a healthy state, and eventually maintain Apana Vayu in the body.

Effective regulation of Apana Vayu is a good signal of root chakra balancing.   

(ii) Padmasana (Lotus Flexion):

This sitting pose with meditation helps you ground yourself.

As to be grounded is the prerequisite for Muladhara, this asana let Prana flow through the pelvic area.

(iii) Malasana (Squatting Pose):

Malasana brings your Root Chakra closest to earth.

For beginners, it might be quiet challenging to hold this pose but when done correctly, it stimulates the area of Muladhara chakra.  

(iv) Sukhasana (Easy Pose):

The simplest pose that gives you the ability to feel the earth beneath you.

In Sukhasana, once your roots are connected with the earth, the process of Root Chakra alignment initiates.

Your spine is stretched with regular practice of this posture, you will feel stress-free and away from anxiety.     

(v) Tadasana (Mountain Pose):

A tree has its roots held beneath the earth that is the entire principle of Tadasana which used to bring Muladhara chakra in balance. 

You can practice this posture on green grass to feel more connected to the ground. This pose balances root energy by strengthening lower legs, thighs, enhances hips mobility and relieves back pain.   

3. Root Chakra Stones

Some stones and crystals have the vibrating frequency to restore the balance of your Root Chakra. 

Since the Muladhara Chakra is linked with Red Colour, Red-colored stones are resonant with Root Chakra.

These are Red Jasper, Bloodstone, and Red Carnelian. With each stone possessing different characteristics, their symbolic significance on the Root Chakra is also different.         

  • You can wear Red Carnelian for Root Chakra which represents strength & courage and is used to cleanse & activate the Chakra.
  • Red Jasper for Root Chakra is commonly known for cleansing and bringing the wheel to a balanced state. You can wear it in the state of deficient or overactive Root Chakra.
  • Bloodstone for Root Chakra is suitable for you if you have shrunk your self-esteem and are working towards pushing the negative vibes out of you.     

4. Root Chakra Food

Since the deficiency in Root Chakra is caused due to less interaction with the earth, whether directly or indirectly. It is time you tasted some earthly delights to balance your first wheel. 

You can add red-colored and root vegetables to your diet plan to start over a restoration chapter. Some of the vegetables are Beets, onion, Garlic, Tomatoes, Potatoes, carrots, radishes, and beetroots.  


It is not hard to say when or how your Root Chakra gets out of alignment. Each state represents its different symptoms and causes. All you can do is to focus inwards to stay grounded and vibrant. This state can only be achieved through Meditation, Correct Mudras, wearing suitable Stones, and following earthly red foods.   


  1. The Limbic System [source]
  2. symbol of root chakra [source]
  3. Example of core values [source]


  1. Jack January 20, 2021
  2. Pramod March 29, 2020
    • Dr. Rishita Chandra March 29, 2020
  3. Ben October 13, 2019

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